Peridot

One gemstone is born in fire: peridot, the volcanic gem. Small crystals of peridot are often found in the rocks created by volcanoes and also can be found in meteors that fall to earth! Ancient people called it “the jewel of the sun” and Romans called it “the jewel of evening” because its green color does not fade at night and it could be seen by the light of a lamp.

Peridot is usually distinguished by its transparent olive color and increased hardness, which reaches up to 6.5. Comparatively, The harness of granite is 5. Olive-colored peridot mines are rare in the world.

Peridot Throughout History

Peridot is among the oldest known gemstones. It was mined in ancient Egypt on an island called Zeberget. Mining was done at night because legend said that peridot could not be easily seen during the day. The island was infested with serpents who made peridot mining a very dangerous occupation until one Pharaoh finally had them all driven into the sea. Ancient Egyptians, around 1580 B.C. to 1350 B.C. created beads from peridot. For Greeks and Romsn. Peridot was in popular use as intaglios, rings, inlays, and pendants, Later, during. The Middle Ages period was used to ornament churches and probably the crusaders brought it to Europe.

Peridots were prized gem late in the Ottoman Empire (1300-1918). Turkish Sultans assembled what is believed to be the world’s largest collection. The gold throne in Istanbul’s Topkapi museum is decorated with 955 Periodt cabochons (gems or beads cut in convex form and highly polished) up to 1 inch across. And there are also peridots used as turban ornaments and on jeweled boxes.

In ancient times there was confusion between Peridots and Emeralds because of the similarity between them in color and transparency and because at that time. Peridot was referred to as “topaz” most likely because it was found on the island of Topazios in the Red Sea of the Egyptian coast. This was the first appearance of this gemstone in the world.

Exploration and extraction of peridot from this island started 3500 years ago but mining operations have stopped since that time because the ore had run out.

This island produced the largest know gemstone in the world a 310-carat that today belongs to the Smithsonian institution in Washington USA.

 

Peridot in the Kingdom

The first discovery of peridot in the Kingdom was by a pilgrim who found a large piece of it when he was passing through Zabaidan mad. History books say he gave it as a gift to Caliph Haroun Al-Rasheed.

The Decision to search for peridot in the Kingdom was taken according to what was written in history books.

The first occurrence of peridot discovered in the Kingdom was recorded in 1975 when some pieces were found scattered near a volcanic crater in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah.

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From the Holy Land … We extract it

It is easy to extract a mineral or an ore from below the ground; the difficulty is in predicting its occurrence in a specific location.

The story of how peridot was discovered in the Kingdom is interesting.

It is a story that extends over eleven years, and ends up in the reinvestment of only one attractive site – the volcanic crater of Jabal as Sukhairah. Southeast of Al-Madinah Al-Munnawarah.

Assessing the economic potential of this site required heavy equipment, and the digging of deep bits and trenches fortunately; the volcano remained extinct, not placing our efforts in jeopardy.

 
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By our citizen’s hands … We collected it

We have examined the contents of all bits. Samples from each one were completely sieved by hand to identify the quality and type of stones contained in each bit and establish the malleability of these stones.

This process is followed by calculation of the reserves. Extraction is doen by handpicking stones not exceeding (2mm).

Our Saudi villages have exerted great efforts in picking up hundreds of thousands of tons of stone and sand in order to extract an average of about 17 gram from each ton whereby every employee had to spend two days working under the direct sunray.

What all this about to but in hand…
A famous gemstone..a Saudi gemstone with Saudi hands.

 
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Skillfully … We Formed It

Are you tired of imagining working in desert under the sun of Saudi Arabia !!! the story is not over yet ……!

Gemstones usually look unattractive before they are cut. And their prices are relatively lower.
The real value of gemstones is in the difficulty of how they are cut, polished and skillfully formed.
The beauty of a gemstone cannot be seen until it is extracted from where it has rest over millions of years.

In spite of the advanced techniques used in cutting gemstones such as laser rays. The beauty of gemstones increase when they are cut by the hand of an expert jeweler, and this is exactly what we did when we place a germ in your hands.

 
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A rare gift … For you

Every gift has its value and its price …
Gift is a beauty, a symbol..and a meaning.

The gemstones have the color of sublimity, a flag. An olive spring, and the color of plants that are the sample of life. These gemstone were formed over millions of years. You have them in your hands from tens of kilometers beneath the ground. And all this takes place in Saudi Arabia for the first time. These gemstones are from wholly lands!
Therefore, it is something really new, and a worthwhile investment.

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About The Gem

Physical Properties

  • Peridot Chemical composition: (MgFe) 2SiO4.
  • Class: nesosilicate
  • Crystal system: orthorhombic.
  • Crystal habit: commonly as compact or granular masses, also as loose or embedded grains, sometimes in volcanic nodules found in our mine. Crystals are rare, usually as vertically striated prisms.
  • Specific gravity: 3.22 – 3.45, increase with iron content
  • Index of refraction: 1.65 – 1.69, increases with iron content.
  • Birefringence: strong, (0.035 – 0.038)
  • Pleochroism: weak; pale yellow – green to yellow / pale yellow green to yellow / yellow to yellow orange.
  • Hardness: 6.5 to 7, hardness increases with magnesium content
  • Color: olive green, green, yellow, brown.
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